Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (“DACA”), an executive order issued on June 15, 2012 by President Obama, protects eligible immigrant youth who came to the United States as children. DACA gives eligible undocumented immigrants:
- temporary deportation protection
- and a work permit that allows them to get a social security number.
Like other important policy changes, the DACA program was not a result of an overnight decision. DACA was made possible by many years of struggle and a movement led by undocumented young people.
DACA is a temporary solution that is a crucial first step in the right direction. Because it is not a lawful status and the program could be changed or terminated at any time, we encourage individuals to get involved and make sure the passage of a permanent solution becomes a reality.
For an overview of possible long-term immigration options, check out our guide Beyond DACA: Immigration Options Every Undocumented Person Should Know.
You can also use Immigrants Rising’s free, anonymous, and online Immigration Legal Intake Service to help you understand your eligibility for DACA and long-term immigration options.
Read on to learn more about how to successfully submit a DACA application for the first time. If you are renewing your DACA, check out Steps to Renew DACA.
1. Understand Your Eligibility for DACA
It’s important to learn as much as you can about DACA and figure out whether it makes sense for you to apply.
You’ll want to confirm that you’re eligible for DACA. You have to:
- Have been under the age of 31 as of June 15, 2012
- Have entered the U.S. before you turned 16 years old
- Have continuously resided in the U.S. since June 15, 2007 up to the present time
- Have been physically present in the U.S. on June 15, 2012 and at the time you are applying for DACA
- Have had no lawful status on June 15, 2012
- Currently be in school (or have returned to school), graduated, obtained certificate of completion (i.e. GED) OR be a honorably discharged U.S. veteran
- Have not been convicted of a felony offense, a significant misdemeanor offense, multiple misdemeanor offenses, or otherwise pose a threat to national security or public safety
2. Get Legal Advice
We recommend you consult with an immigration attorney or a Department of Justice accredited representative before you decide whether to apply. They can help you weigh the benefits and risks of applying for DACA.
For tips on how to find an attorney, check out our Getting Legal Help resource.
3. Gather Your Application Documents
Carefully review the official USCIS instructions for gathering your pre-application documents.
Below is a summary of what you’ll need. DO NOT send original documents, as they will not be returned:
4. Prepare Your DACA Application Fees
The fees for DACA are a total of $495. Due to USCIS’s uncertain withdrawal time, money orders and cashier’s checks are recommended, but personal checks are accepted. Checks must be made payable to “U.S. Department of Homeland Security.” Do not abbreviate. Cash is not accepted.
Fee exemptions are available, but only to people who meet the stringent requirements.
NOTE: The DACA fees may increase in the near future.
Reach out to your local immigrant rights organizations and legal service providers to find out if they have any DACA fee assistance available.
Other organizations have established loan programs to cover the cost of applying for DACA:
- Mission Asset Fund provides a 0% interest, credit-building immigration loan in California to help pay for the DACA fee
- Self-Help Credit Union has a DACA loan program to help individuals pay for the DACA fee and other application costs
5. Download The Correct Application Forms From USCIS
USCIS will reject applications that use outdated forms, so it is important to use current forms when submitting your renewal request. Please visit the USCIS website to find the following forms in its current version: (1) Form I-821D, (2) Form I-765; (3) Form I-765WS; and (4) Form G-1145.
6. Accurately Fill Out The Application
The information from your previous DACA renewal application should be used to fill out your new application. If you do not have a copy of your previous application, please refer to USCIS’s Form I-821D Instructions which can be found here to help you fill out your new application.
Tips for filling out your application:
- Write your name and date of birth the same way on each form
- Answer all questions completely and accurately
- Provide all required supporting documentation and evidence
- USCIS prefers that you type your answers into the form and then print it. If you are filling out your form by hand, use black ink. If you make a mistake, please start over with a new form
- Copy/Scan your entire application for your records
- Label your photographs with your full name and date of birth
- Sign All Forms
7. Create a Cover Letter
A cover letter is useful for the USCIS agent reviewing your application to overview the application package in a glance, and serves as a checklist for you. Please refer to UWD’s sample cover letter as a starting point.
8. Prepare and Send Your Application
When sending your application, it is advised that you (1) do not have the forms stapled (paper clips are preferred) and (2) have it complied in the following order:
- $495 Fee
- Cover Letter
- Completed Form G-1145
- Completed Form I-821D
- Completed Form I-765
- Completed Form I-765WS
- Copies of any supporting evidence
The location of the USCIS facility receiving your application will differ based on where you reside. Please use the USCIS reference guide to find the correct location.
We highly recommend that you select a delivery option that allows you to track your package.
9. Track the Status of Your Application
E-Notification Confirmation: If you filled out Form G-1145 you should receive a one-time e-Notification when your application has been received by USCIS.
Paper Receipt Confirmation: You should also receive a paper receipt in the mail within 1-4 weeks of sending your DACA application even if you requested E-Notification.
10. Attend a Biometrics Appointment
Within four (4) months of getting your DACA receipt, you should get an appointment notice to visit an Application Support Center (ASC) to have your biometrics taken. Make sure to bring a valid government-issued photo ID (i.e. your passport) to your appointment.
11. Look Out for a Possible Request for Evidence (RFE)
If anything is missing from your application, or if USCIS has questions, you may be mailed a “Request for Evidence” (RFE). You will need to respond to this RFE with additional proof by the deadline given. If you ignore this request, your case will be automatically denied.
12. Await Notification of DACA Approval
The processing time can take several months. To track the processing times of all DACA applications, you can go here.
Once you receive notification that you have been approved for DACA, you will receive a work authorization card valid for two (2) years.
13. Prepare for Your DACA Renewal
Remember: DACA is temporary and you need to renew it every two years. Read our Steps to Renew DACA to learn how you can prepare for your renewal.
You got this! We wish you great success in pursuing DACA and other long-term immigration options!Back to Resources